Intara ya Sichuan, Ubushinwa: abaturage, ubukungu, geografiya

Intara ya Sichuan, Ubushinwa: abaturage, ubukungu, geografiya
Intara ya Sichuan, Ubushinwa: abaturage, ubukungu, geografiya
Anonim

Sichuan n'intara mu Bushinwa n'umurwa mukuru wa Chengdu. Ni kamwe mu turere tunini tw'igihugu. Ntishobora kugera ku nyanja, ariko ikikijwe n'imisozi. Nibura ahantu hatanu mu ntara ni Umurage wisi. Sichuan iherereye he? Abaturage bayo babaho bate? Ni ibihe bintu biranga umuco na geografiya bifite?

Sichuan, Ubushinwa

Intara iherereye hagati mu gihugu, yegereye amajyepfo ashyira uburengerazuba. Ikikijwe n'intara esheshatu: Guizhui, Qinghai, Yunnan, Shaanxi, Gansu n'akarere ka Tibet. Umugezi munini Yangtze unyura muri Sichuan yose - itemba cyane muri Aziya yose. Mu majyepfo, uruzi rugira umupaka uhuza Sichuan na Tibet.

china sichuan

Intara yashinzwe mu 1955, ariko amateka yayo yatangiye hashize imyaka irenga ibihumbi bitatu. Mu Gihe Hagati, mu mwanya wacyo hari akarere ka Chuanxia. Yagabanyijwemo uturere tune dutandukanye, twahindutse intara igezweho. Iyi nkuru ibitswe mwizina rya Sichuan, ni impfunyapfunyo yamagambo "aneAkarere ka Chuanxia."

Sichuan mu Bushinwa iza ku mwanya wa gatanu ukurikije akarere. Ifite ubuso bwa kilometero kare 491.146. Ku buyobozi, akarere kagabanijwemo uturere 17 tw’imijyi n’uturere 3 twigenga, kimwe n’umujyi umwe ufite akamaro k’intara. Umujyi munini wintara ya Sichuan ni Chengdu, uherereye hagati mu karere.

Ubutabazi

Sichuan ifite ahantu hatuje. Ifasi yacyo yuzuye imisozi miremire, hagati yayo hari imisozi n'ibibaya. Kuva iburengerazuba ugana iburasirazuba, ubutumburuke buragabanuka. Hagati no mu burasirazuba bw'intara yigaruriwe n'ikibaya cya Sichuan, ihungabana ryinshi (170.000 km2), rikikijwe n'imisozi igera kuri 4 km z'uburebure. Kwiheba nabyo ntibingana, imbere harimo imisozi. Ubutaka bwo muri kariya karere bukunze kugira ibara ry'umuyugubwe, ahantu ho kwiheba usanga butukura kandi bugizwe n'umusenyi.

Igice cyo hagati cyibase cyambukiranya imisozi ya Longquanshan. Uhereye mu burengerazuba bwabo utangirira ikibaya kinini cya Chengdu mu ntara, gifite ubuso bwa kilometero zirenga 6.0002. Ikibaya cya kabiri kinini giherereye mu majyepfo yuburengerazuba bwa Sichuan.

. Hano hari zone yibikorwa byibiza hano, kandi cataclysms ibaho mugihe runaka. Umutingito uheruka Sichuan (Ubushinwa) wabaye muri 2017, mbere y’imitingito yabaye muri 2013 na 2008.

intara ya sichuan

Impinga nini yintara iherereye kumusozi wa Dasyu. Uyu ni Umusozi wa Gungashan, ugera kuri 7556 z'uburebure. Irazengurutse izindi mpinga 150 z'uburebure.Barazwi cyane kubera impinga za piramide zifite amasura ane, kimwe nubukonje bumaze imyaka igera kuri metero 300.

Ikirere

Bitewe nuburinganire bwimiterere, ikirere muri Sichuan kiratandukanye cyane. Ahanini subtropical. Mu bice byo mu majyepfo no mu burasirazuba, ako gace kagerwaho n’imvura nyinshi, imvura igwa kuri yo. Imvura irashyuha cyane, yumye kandi igicu, mugihe impeshyi irashyushye, itose kandi ngufi. Impuzandengo yubushyuhe bwumwaka ni dogere 15-19. Nubwo bimeze gurtyo, igitigiri c'izuba ni kimwe no muri Noruveje canke London, Ikirere gikonje mumisozi, ariko izuba rirenze - amasaha 2500 kumwaka. Impuzandengo yubushyuhe bwumwaka mumisozi ni kuva kuri dogere 5 kugeza kuri 15, mubibaya bigera kuri dogere 20. Impeshyi irashyuha gukonja hano, mugihe imbeho irashobora kuba imbeho.

Uburebure bwa zonality bugaragara neza mumisozi. Ikirere kiratandukanye ku mugabane wa monsoon na subarctic. Mu ntara za Gardze na Zoige, ubushyuhe mu gihe cy'itumba bugera kuri dogere 30.

Kamere

Imisozi miremire ya Sichuan ntabwo ikomeza. Bahagarikwa n’imigezi yimbitse n’ibibaya byinzuzi. Usibye Yangtze, imigezi igera ku 1.400 itemba muri kariya karere. Muri iyo ntara hari ibiyaga bigera ku gihumbi, bimwe muri byo ni imisozi miremire. Hano hari ibishanga byinshi mumajyaruguru yuburengerazuba.

Imiterere n’imiterere y’ikirere byahinduye intara imwe mu zikize cyane mu Bushinwa mu bijyanye n’ibinyabuzima n’ibimera. Hafi ya hegitari miliyoni 7 zubutaka bwuzuyemo amashyamba yinzitane. Imisozi miremire itwikiriwe n’amashyamba yimeza hamwe n’ibiti byimeza. Mugihe uzamutse, ibibanza bigenda bihinduka buhoro buhorotundra.

Ikingiwe n'umuyaga ukonje, ikibaya cya Sichuan ni ahantu heza cyane mu ntara. Ikirere cyacyo gishyuha kandi gitanga ubuhinzi umwaka wose. Ihinga imbuto za citrusi, itabi, imbuto, ingano. Guhinga umuceri biherereye ahahanamye.

Kubera iterambere ryubukungu, amashyamba yo mu mwobo yarasenyutse. Bagumye gusa mumisozi mito kuruhande rwihungabana. Hano hari castanopsis, igiti, firimu, kimwe na metasequoia, byafatwaga nkubwoko bwazimye.

sichuan

. Mu nyamaswa zidasanzwe kandi zidasanzwe harimo onager, impongo zisa nimpongo zifite fangs ndende, yaks zo mu gasozi, bobaks ya Jomolungma.

Ubukungu

Kuva kera, Sichuan mubushinwa yafatwaga nk "intara yubwinshi". Aka ni kamwe mu turere tw’ubuhinzi tw’igihugu. Usibye guhinga ibihingwa bitandukanye, hasarurwa inkoko za silkworm, kandi ingurube zirororerwa. Intara itanga umusaruro wa vino hafi 20% mubushinwa.

Inganda nazo zigira uruhare runini mubukungu bwa Sichuan. Intara yateje imbere inganda, ibyuma byoroheje n’ibiribwa, gukora imyenda, ibikoresho byubaka, icyogajuru n’inganda zitwara abantu.

.n'ibindi Kwiheba kwa Sichuan birimo ububiko bwa gaze nini mu gihugu. Ni umuyobozi kandi mu gucukura zahabu no kuyibyaza umusaruro.

Impinduka nyinshi zubutumburuke ahantu inzuzi nini zitemba biha Sichuan imbaraga zikomeye mugutezimbere amashanyarazi. Mu ntara zitanga amashanyarazi n'imbaraga z'amazi, iri ku mwanya wa mbere.

Abaturage

Intara iza ku mwanya wa kane mu gihugu ukurikije umubare w'abaturage. Ituwe n'abantu bagera kuri miliyoni 80. Hagati y'intara ya Sichuan n'umujyi munini ni Chengdu. Ituwe n'abantu miliyoni 15. Mu Gihe Hagati, umujyi wari uzwiho gukora satin na brocade.

Abaturage benshi ba Sichuan ni abahagarariye abaturage ba Han (ubwoko bukuru mu Bushinwa). Usibye bo, Naxi, Abanyatibetani, Lolo, Qiang n'andi moko baba mu ntara. Abanyatibetani na Qiang babaho neza mu turere twa Ngawa-Tibet-Qiang, Liangshan-Yi na Gardze-Tibet.

Amadini yiganje muri kariya karere ni Taoism na Budisime. Hamwe na bo, Shenisme cyangwa idini ry’Abashinwa ryamamaye muri iyo ntara. Kimwe mu bice byacyo ni ugusenga abakurambere, kubaha ibidukikije, kubaha Ijuru nk'imbaraga zikomeye zigira ingaruka ku bategetsi n'abatuye Ubushinwa. Abakirisitu bahagarariye munsi yijana ryabaturage. Abayisilamu n'abasenga Yiguandao nabo bari mbarwa.

Ibyerekezo bya Sichuan

Imisozi miremire, imigezi ihindagurika, amashyamba yinzitane arema ahantu nyaburanga utazibagirana. Ongeraho kuriyi murage gakondo wumuco, kandi tubona umwe muribyinshiintara zishimishije mubushinwa. Sichuan yatuwe nabantu hashize imyaka ibihumbi bitatu. Ibi bigaragazwa n’ibisigazwa by’umujyi wa kera wa Jinsha, wabonetse n’abacukuzi mu mujyi wa Chengdu. Ubu masike ya zahabu yose yavumbuwe n'imitako, ibintu bikozwe mu muringa, jade n'inzovu bibitswe mu nzu ndangamurage y'umujyi.

Ubwiza nyaburanga bushimishwa cyane muri parike yigihugu. Parike ya Kanawa, Iajiagen, Hailougou, Jiuzhaigou ifite ahantu nyaburanga. Byinshi muribi biherereye mumisozi ifite ibiyaga bisobanutse neza hamwe nubukonje budasanzwe. Imisozi y'ingenzi, ntabwo ari iy'abatuye iyo ntara gusa, ahubwo ni umuco wose w'Abashinwa, ni Emeishan na Qingchenshan. Iya mbere ifatwa nk'ikigo cya Budisime, icya kabiri niho havuka Taoism.

Intara ifite ibyokurya biryoshye kandi byumwimerere, indi misozi myinshi, monasiteri nimijyi ishimishije. Hejuru igomba-kureba ahantu ba mukerarugendo muri Sichuan ni:

  • Igishusho cya Buda muri Leshan;
  • Umusozi Emeishan;
  • Parike y'igihugu ya Jiuzhaigou;
  • Sisitemu yo kuhira Dujiangyan;
  • Umusozi wa Qingchenshan;
  • Wan Nian Monastery;
  • ibigega binini bya panda;
  • Mengdingshan umusozi wicyayi;
  • Umujyi wimvura wubushinwa, Ya'an.

Parike ya Jiuzhaigou

Parike nayo yitwa "Ikibaya cy'Imidugudu icyenda". Irimo rwose imidugudu ya Tibet, abaturage bayo ntibarenga abantu 1000. Parike itangaje ibiyaga byinshi nisumo zitemba.

umutingito wa sichuan

Muri Jiuzhaigou hari ishyamba ryambere - igiceahantu nyaburanga harabitswe kuva kera cyane, ikigo cy'abihaye Imana cya Budisti, imisozi miremire n'amashyamba manini y'ibibabi, ibiti by'imigano n'imigezi. Ibiyaga byayo bifite amabara atandukanye - kuva icyatsi kugeza turquoise, kandi amazi arimo arimo aragaragara kuburyo epfo na ruguru ishobora kugaragara no mubigega bifite ubujyakuzimu.

Umusozi wa Qingchenshan

Kimwe mu bibanza by’Ubushinwa ni Umusozi wa Qingchenshan. Hano niho Taoism yavuye mu nyigisho za filozofiya idafatika ihinduka idini. Dukurikije imigani, umukurambere wa Taoist Zhang Daoling yamanutse kuri uyu musozi yerekeza mu ijuru, hamwe n'umuryango we. Mubyukuri, Zhang yubatse urusengero rwa mbere murusengero rwarwo, rwabaye intangiriro yo kwatura gushya.

sichuan

Qingchenshan iri kurutonde rwumurage wisi. Kera, abihayimana magana atanu babaga mu nsengero zayo. Umubare wabo wagabanutse nyuma y’ubutegetsi bwa gikomunisiti mu Bushinwa, ariko ubu ibikorwa by’abihaye Imana n’abihaye Imana byongeye.

Ikigega kinini cya panda

Ikigo giherereye mumisozi ya Qionglai na Jiajin. Igizwe na karindwi na parike icyenda, aho abahanga na ba mukerarugendo bakurikiranira hafi panda nini. Impamvu nyamukuru yo kurema kwari ukugabanuka kwinyamaswa muri kamere.

Hagati ya sichuan

Mubigega, panda zihabwa ibyangombwa byose kugirango zumve neza kandi zifite umutekano. Baragaburirwa kandi bakavurwa, kandi byateganijwe gusa kubyara neza. Amadubu amaze gukura arekurwa mubuzima bwigenga kubutaka bwa parike. Uretsemuribo, mubigega urashobora guhura ningwe yimvura ningwe. Bafatwa kandi nubwoko bworoshye kandi bakeneye gukurikiranirwa hafi.

Igishusho cya Buda muri Leshan

Hafi yumujyi wa Leshan nimwe mubikorwa byububiko binini cyane kwisi. Igishusho kinini cya Maitreya Buddha "cyicaye" imbere yumusozi wa Emeishan, cyera kubabuda. Igera kuri metero 71 z'uburebure na 30 mubugari.

chengdu intara

Igishusho gishyirwa mubugari bwurutare, ahantu inzuzi eshatu zihurira. Ku mpande zombi za Buda, amashusho menshi ya Bohisattvas abajwe ku rutare. Iyi shusho yagaragaye mu kinyejana cya kabiri nyuma ya Yesu, kandi kuyikora byatwaye imyaka igera ku ijana.

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