Abulfaz Elchibey: umuyobozi wigihugu cya Azaribayijan

Abulfaz Elchibey: umuyobozi wigihugu cya Azaribayijan
Abulfaz Elchibey: umuyobozi wigihugu cya Azaribayijan
Anonim

Abulfaz Gadirgulu oglu Elchibey (Aliyev) ni leta ya Azaribayijan, umunyapolitiki na rubanda. Abatavuga rumwe n’umuyobozi wa rubanda nyamwinshi ya Azaribayijan - Umuryango uharanira kwibohora kwa Azaribayijan. Yabaye Perezida wa kabiri wa Repubulika ya Azaribayijan (kuva 1992 kugeza 1993), ariko uwambere yatowe n’abaturage ba Azaribayijan binyuze mu matora ya demokarasi.

Abulfaz Elchibey mubantu

Ubuzima bwa Abulfaz Elchibey

Abulfaz Gadirgulu oglu yavutse ku ya 24 Kamena 1938 mu mudugudu wa Kalyaki, mu karere ka Ordubad muri Repubulika yigenga ya Nakhichevan. Yarangije amashuri yisumbuye numero 1 muri Ordubad.

Mu 1957 yinjiye muri kaminuza ya leta ya Azaribayijan mu ishami rya Filologiya y’icyarabu. Nyuma yo guhabwa impamyabumenyi mu 1962, Abulfaz Elchibey yabonye akazi ko kuba umusemuzi ku ishami rya Baku ry’ishuri rikuru rya Hydrodynamics. Muri Mutarama 1963, yoherejwe mu rugendo rw'akazi muri Egiputa, agumayo kugeza mu Kwakira 1964. Agarutse, arinjiraimpamyabumenyi y'icyiciro cya kabiri cya kaminuza muri kaminuza ya Azaribayijan, ayirangiza neza mu 1968, ahabwa impamyabumenyi y'abakandida mu bumenyi bw'amateka.

Abulfaz Elchibey yari umwarimu mu ishami ry’amateka y’ibihugu bya Aziya na Afurika muri kaminuza ya Azaribayijan kuva 1968 kugeza 1975.

Ibikorwa bya siyansi

Ifoto ya Abulfaz Elchibey

Abulfaz Aliyev, uzi ubuhanga bwururimi rwicyarabu nubuvanganzo nubuvanganzo, ishingiro rya Islamu, siyanse, amateka, filozofiya numuco wibihugu byiburasirazuba, yakoze ubushakashatsi bwubumenyi bwingirakamaro mubijyanye namateka nubushakashatsi bwiburasirazuba. Mubuzima bwe, yasohoye inyandiko zirenga 40, harimo:

  • "Kugaragara kwa Ahmed bin Tulun na leta ya Tulunide";
  • "Gutesha agaciro no kugabana ubukhalifa bwa Abasi";
  • "Ahmed Tantarani Maragi na Tantarania ye" nibindi.

Nanone, Abulfaz Gadirgulu oglu yanditse ibitabo byinshi, aribyo gukusanya ibitekerezo bishya: "Leta ya Tolunogullary (868-905)" na "Mu nzira igana muri Azaribayijan".

Ibikorwa bya politiki bya perezida wa kabiri wa Azaribayijan

Abulfaz Elchibey yarwanyije politiki y’ubutegetsi bw’Abasoviyeti kuva akiri umunyeshuri: yashinze amashyirahamwe y’abanyeshuri kandi agerageza gukwirakwiza ibitekerezo by’ubwisanzure. Muri icyo gihe, yateje imbere igitekerezo cya Azaribayijan yunze ubumwe.

Muri Mutarama 1975, Komite ishinzwe umutekano wa Azaribayijan yamufashe ashinjwa gukunda igihugu no kurwanya Abasoviyetikwamamaza no gufungwa igihe kugeza ku ya 17 Nyakanga 1976. Ariko ifatwa ntabwo ryahinduye inzira.

Muri 1988, Abulfaz Elchibey ashinga Umuryango wabaturage kandi aba umwe mubayobozi bayo. Kubera urugamba rwizewe rw’umutwe w’abaturage, ku ya 18 Ukwakira 1991, hashyizweho itegeko ryerekeye ubwigenge bwa Azaribayijan.

Abulfaz Elchibey

8 Kamena 1992 muri Azaribayijan, ku nshuro ya mbere mu mateka yarwo, perezida yatowe mu buryo bwa demokarasi. Abulfaz Gadirgulu oglu yakoze byinshi mu gushyiraho demokarasi mu gihugu, guhindura Azerubayijani igihugu cyigenga no kuzamura imibereho myiza y’abaturage ba Azaribayijan.

Ibisubizo by'ingoma ya Abulfaz Elchibey

  • Amafaranga y’ivunjisha ya Banki nkuru y’igihugu yiyongereyeho inshuro zirenga 100 agera kuri miliyoni 156 z'amadolari ya Amerika.
  • Igihombo cya leta nticyarenze 5 ku ijana.
  • Ifaranga ryigihugu cya Azaribayijan, manat, ryashyizwe ahagaragara, rikomeza intangiriro ya 1:10 kurwanya ruble igihe kirekire.
  • Amategeko yemejwe ku mashyaka ya politiki, imiryango itegamiye kuri Leta n’itangazamakuru. Hashingiwe kuri aya mategeko, amashyaka ya politiki agera kuri 30, imiryango irenga 200 n’ibitangazamakuru birenga 500 byanditswe.
  • Ivugurura rikomeye mu kubahiriza amategeko ryatangiye.
  • Amatora y’abadepite y’amashyaka menshi yabereye muri Azaribayijan ku nshuro ya mbere.
  • Ubucuruzi buciriritse bwafashijwe. Hashyizweho amategeko n'amabwiriza menshi atandukanye ku bijyanye no kwishyira ukizana mu bucuruzi, ku bukode bw'inyubako zitaruzura, kandi gahunda zateguwekwihangira imirimo, kwegurira abikorera ku giti cyabo, ubuhinzi. Niyo mpamvu, igihugu cyashyizeho amategeko yemewe yo kuvugurura ubukungu kandi kateye intambwe yambere muri iki cyerekezo. Ibihumbi n'ibigo byigenga byafunguwe, amabanki menshi yigenga, nibindi.
  • Hakozwe imirimo ikomeye yo gukurura imari y’amahanga mu bukungu bwa Azaribayijan.
  • Ivugurura rikomeye mubumenyi, uburezi n'umuco.
  • Igihugu cyahinduye inyuguti z'ikilatini.
  • Mu mwaka umwe, hemejwe amategeko 118 n’imyanzuro 160.
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Politiki yubukungu ya Perezida yibanze cyane ku ntego ebyiri:

    .
  • Kugera ku ishingwa ry'ubukungu bw'isoko muri republika binyuze mu ivugurura ry'ubukungu bwisanzuye. Kubwibyo, hashyizweho komite ishinzwe umutungo wa leta, komite ya leta ishinzwe kurwanya ruswa no kwihangira imirimo, minisiteri yubukungu, komite yubutaka nizindi nzego za leta.

Umuyobozi wabantu murwibutso

Ibendera rya Azaribayijan

. Kugeza ku rupfu rwe, yakomeje inzira yatangijwe na Mammad Emin Rasulzade, umwe mu bashinze Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Azaribayijan. Kugeza ku mperuka, yaharaniye demokarasi n'ubumwe bw'igihugu.

Kugeza uyu munsi, Abulfaz Elchibey aba mu mitima yabantu benshi bakomeza umurimo we.

ku rwibutso rwa Abulfaz Elchibey

Buri mwaka ku ya 24 kamena i Baku abantu bajya kurwibutso rwuyu munyapolitiki ukomeye numuntu wigitangaza ufite indabyo kugirango bamwubahe.

Ingingo ikunzwe