Yegor Gaidar. Ubuzima bwa muntu, ibikorwa. Umuryango w'umunyapolitiki w'Uburusiya

Yegor Gaidar. Ubuzima bwa muntu, ibikorwa. Umuryango w'umunyapolitiki w'Uburusiya
Yegor Gaidar. Ubuzima bwa muntu, ibikorwa. Umuryango w'umunyapolitiki w'Uburusiya
Anonim

Uyu munsi, benshi bafite ubwoba bwo kwibuka 90, igihe abantu babarirwa muri za miriyoni bahatiwe guhura ningorane zose zigihe cyinzibacyuho bava mubusosiyalisiti bajya muri capitalism. Umwe mu bantu bakomeye mu ruhando rwa politiki y'icyo gihe yari Yegor Gaidar. Nubwo hashize imyaka 5 uyu munyapolitiki apfuye, impaka zishingiye ku ivugurura ry’ubukungu ryakozwe hakurikijwe gahunda yateguye na we ntizacogora.

abana ba Yegor Gaidar

Yegor Gaidar: ubuzima bwe, ubwenegihugu bwababyeyi

. Mu gihe c'intambara y'abanyagihugu, yarwanye mu gisirikare c'Ingabo zitukura, kandi igihe yariko arakorera i Khakassia, yitwa Gaidar. Nyuma, umwanditsi yamufashe nk'izina, hanyuma rishyikiriza umuhungu we kuva yashyingiranwa bwa kabiri na Leah Lazarevna Solomyanskaya - Timur, hanyuma akamwuzukuruza. Rero, se wa Yegor Gaidarni Ikirusiya kuruhande rwa se gusa, naho kuruhande rwa nyina afite imizi yabayahudi.

Timur Arkadyevich yavutse 1926 kandi ubuzima bwe bwose yabuhaye Navy Navy, azamuka ku ntera ya Rear Admiral. Mu buryo buboneye, yabonye amashuri yisumbuye ya kabiri mu ishami ry’itangazamakuru rya VPA yitiriwe. Lenin na nyuma yo kurangiza umwuga we wa gisirikare yakoraga nk'umunyamakuru w'ikinyamakuru Pravda mu mahanga. Mu 1955, yashakanye n'umukobwa w'umwanditsi w'icyamamare w'Uburusiya P. Bazhov, Ariadna Pavlovna, maze mu 1956 babyarana umuhungu witwa Yegor Gaidar, ubuzima bwe, ubwenegihugu n'ibikorwa bya politiki byavuzwe haruguru.

Ubwana

Yegor Timurovich Gaidar (biografiya, ubwenegihugu bw'ababyeyi be usanzwe uzi) yavukiye i Moscou. Nkuko bimaze kuvugwa, yari umwuzukuru w abanditsi babiri bazwi. Kubijyanye n'ubwenegihugu bw'umunyapolitiki, yabonaga ko ari Umurusiya.

Egor yarangirije muri Cuba akiri muto, aho se yoherejwe nk'umunyamakuru w'ikinyamakuru Pravda. Agezeyo, yahuriye na Fidel Castro na Che Guevara, basuye inzu umuryango wa Yegor Gaidar wabaga.

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Mu 1971, umuryango wasubiye mu murwa mukuru, maze Yegor Gaidar atangira kujya mu ishuri nimero 152, ayirangiza afite umudari wa zahabu nyuma yimyaka 2. Yinjiye mu ishami ry’ubukungu muri kaminuza ya Leta ya Moscou, uyu musore yatangiye kwiga ku bijyanye n’imigambi mu bijyanye n’inganda, na nyuma yo guhabwaimpamyabumenyi itukura yakomeje kunoza ubumenyi mumashuri arangije.

umukobwa wa Yegor Gaidar

Umwuga nibikorwa bya siyanse mugihe cya pre-perestroika

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Ngaho, yatangiye gukora nk'itsinda ry'abahanga mu bya siyansi bato bayobowe n'umuhanga mu by'ubukungu w'Abasoviyeti Stanislav Shatalin. Bidatinze, Gaidar na bagenzi be, bakoze isesengura rigereranya ry’imihindagurikire y’ubukungu mu bihugu by’ikigo cy’abasosiyalisiti, bashimangiye badashidikanya ko hakenewe ivugurura ry’ibanze muri SSSR.

Muri icyo gihe kimwe, umuhanga yahuye na Anatoly Chubais, maze uruziga rwabantu bahuje ibitekerezo rushyirwaho hafi yabo, bahujwe no gushaka impinduka mu rwego rwubukungu.

byatangajwe na Gorbachev, byashobokaga kuganira ku bibazo bijyanye n'imyiteguro yo kwimuka mu mibanire y'isoko.

Akazi k'itangazamakuru

Igitekerezo cya Gaidar cyo kwishyira ukizana mu bukungu nticyashoboraga kumenyekana muri rubanda rusanzwe iyo umuhanga atemera icyifuzo cyo kuba umwanditsi wungirije w'ikinyamakuru Kommunist, hanyuma nyuma gato - umuyobozi w'ishami ry'ubukungu bw'ikinyamakuru"Ukuri". Muri iki gihe cyibikorwa bye, ateza imbere cyane igitekerezo cyo kugabanya amafaranga yakoreshejwe mu bice bitazana inyungu zifatika. Muri icyo gihe, mu cyiciro cya mbere cy’ibikorwa bye nkumunyamakuru, Gaidar yari ashyigikiye ivugurura ryagiye rishobora gukorwa mu rwego rwa sisitemu iriho.

Yegor Gaidar biography ubwenegihugu

Kora nk'umuyobozi w'agateganyo wa guverinoma ya RSFSR

Mu ijoro rizwi cyane ryo muri Kanama 1991, Yegor Gaidar yagize uruhare mu kurinda White House. Agezeyo, yahuye n’umunyamabanga wa Leta wa RSFSR G. Burbulis. Aba nyuma bashishikarije B. Yeltsin guha inshingano gahunda yo kuvugurura ubukungu itsinda rya Gaidar. Mu Kwakira 1991, yagejejwe muri Kongere ya 5 y'Abadepite kandi yemerwa n'intumwa. Nyuma y'iminsi mike, Gaidar Yegor Timurovich yagizwe umuyobozi wungirije wa guverinoma ya RSFSR, ushinzwe umuryango w’ubukungu, maze ku ya 15 Kamena 1992, aba minisitiri w’intebe w’agateganyo w’Uburusiya. Yagumye kuri uyu mwanya kugeza ku ya 15 Ukuboza 1992 kandi yagize uruhare runini mu ishyirwaho ry’ibigo byinshi bya Leta by’Uburusiya, nka sisitemu y’imisoro n’amabanki, gasutamo, isoko ry’imari n’abandi benshi. Muri icyo gihe kandi, uyu munsi abamunenga Gaidar bamushinja ingaruka mbi z’ivugurura: guta agaciro kwizigamire ry’abaturage, hyperinflation, igabanuka ry’umusaruro, igabanuka rikabije ry’imibereho isanzwe, ndetse no kongera itandukaniro ry’amafaranga.

Ibibazo bya politiki n’inteko ishinga amategeko yo muri 1993

Yegor Gaidar, ubuzima bwe ntibuvuga gusakuzamuka no kumanuka, ntabwo yahawe inkunga n'abadepite ba kongere ya 7 y'Abadepite ku kibazo cyo kugirwa umuyobozi wa guverinoma y'igihugu. Uku kwanga kwemeza umunyapolitiki umwe mu myanya ikomeye muri leta, hamwe nizindi mpamvu nyinshi, byatumye havuka ikibazo cya politiki.

Kuva Ukuboza 1992 kugeza Nzeri 1993, Yegor Gaidar yakoraga imirimo yubumenyi. Byongeye kandi, yagiriye inama Perezida w’Uburusiya ku bibazo bya politiki y’ubukungu. Uyu munyapolitiki yari umwe mu bantu bakomeye mu gihe cy’ibibazo by’itegeko nshinga ryo mu 1993, iminsi mike mbere yuko agirwa umuyobozi wungirije wa guverinoma ya Chernomyrdin. Nibwo yagejeje ijambo kuri Muscovite kuri tereviziyo maze abasaba guteranira hafi y’inyubako y’Inama Njyanama y’Umujyi wa Moscou. Kubera iyo mpamvu, mu ijoro ryo ku ya 22 Nzeri, kuri bariyeri yagaragaye kuri Tverskaya, maze mu gitondo White House iraterwa, birangira intsinzi ku bashyigikiye Yeltsin.

Bidatinze byaje kugaragara ko Gaidar na Chernomyrdin bari bafite itandukaniro rikomeye ku bibazo by’ingenzi bya politiki y’ubukungu bw’igihugu, bityo Yegor Timurovich atanga ukwegura kwe, kuko yari yabanje gusobanura icyamuteye gukora mu ibaruwa yandikiye perezida.

Umugore wa Yegor Gaidar

Ibindi bikorwa

Kuva mu Kuboza 1993 kugeza mu mpera za 1995, Gaidar yari umudepite wa Duma ya Leta y’Uburusiya. Mu buryo buboneye, yayoboye ishyaka rya Demokarasi ihitamo Uburusiya. Mu gihe cy’intambara y’Abadage, umunyapolitiki Yegor Gaidar yarwanyije iyo mirwano maze ahamagarira Boris Yeltsin kwanga kwiyamamariza manda itaha ya perezida. Ariko, nyumagutangaza gahunda yo gukemura mu mahoro amakimbirane yitwaje intwaro muri Chechnya, ishyaka ayoboye ryashyigikiye umukuru w’igihugu uriho.

Mu 1999, hashyizweho ihuriro ry’ubumwe bw’iburyo. Ishyaka rya Gaidar naryo ryarinjiyemo. Mu matora yabaye mu Kuboza uyu mwaka, yatorewe kuba muri Duma ya Leta yo guterana kwa gatatu. Mu gihe yakoraga mu nzego nkuru z’igihugu, Gaidar yagize uruhare mu iterambere ry’ingengo y’imari n’imisoro.

Urupfu rw'umunyapolitiki

Mu myaka yanyuma yubuzima bwe, Yegor Gaidar yagize ibibazo byubuzima. By'umwihariko, mu 2006, yataye ubwenge ubwo yavugiraga mu ruhame muri Irilande, ajyanwa mu gice cyita ku barwayi bo mu bitaro byaho maze agumayo iminsi myinshi. Kuva iki gikorwa cyabaye bukeye bwaho bivugwa ko A. Litvinenko yaba yararozwe na polonium, mu binyamakuru hari ibihuha byavugaga ko Gaidar na we yagiriwe uruhare mu gushaka kumwica. Iperereza ryakozwe, ariko nta kimenyetso cy’uburozi cyabonetse.

Urupfu rwa Yegor Gaidar rwabaye ku ya 16 Ukuboza 2009 mu nzu ye, iherereye mu mudugudu wa Uspensky hafi ya Moscou. Umuhanga uzwi cyane mu by'ubukungu-ubukungu icyo gihe yari afite imyaka 53 gusa. Abana ba Yegor Gaidar, cyane cyane umukobwa we Maria, batangaje ko se yapfuye azize indwara y'umutima. Naho abaganga, bavuze ko gutandukanya amaraso ari impamvu.

Umuhango wo gushyingura umunyapolitiki wabereye ku irimbi rya Novodevichy. Umugore wa Yegor Gaidar n'abandi bagize umuryango we ntibashatse gutangaza itariki yabo, bityo gushyingura bikaba nta bantu bo hanze bahari.

Egor Gaidar kugiti cyeubuzima

Ubuzima bwite

Ubwambere Yegor Gaidar yashakanye hakiri kare, afite imyaka 22. Irina Smirnova, uwo munyapolitiki yahuye afite imyaka 10, yabaye umwe mu batoranijwe mu mwaka wa 5 w’umunyeshuri w’ishami ry’ubukungu muri kaminuza ya Leta ya Moscou. Nkuko Yegor Gaidar ubwe yabyiyemereye, ubuzima bwe bwite mu gihe cya kaminuza ndetse no mu myaka ya mbere yakoraga mu kigo cy’ubushakashatsi cy’ubushakashatsi ntabwo bwateye imbere. Kubwibyo, nubwo yabyaye abana babiri mubukwe bwe bwa mbere, umukobwa we amaze kuvuka, yatangiye gutekereza kubutane.

Nyuma yigihe gito, Gaidar yashyingiranywe na Maria Strugatskaya. Ni yo mpamvu, umunyapolitike yaje kugirana isano n’umwanditsi uzwi cyane w’Abasoviyeti banditse ibihimbano bya Arkady Strugatsky, wabaye sebukwe, ndetse na sebukwe uzwi cyane wa sinologiya Ilya Oshanin, wari sekuru w’umugore we. Umuryango wa kabiri wa Yegor Gaidar warakomeje kugeza apfuye, kandi muri ubu bukwe yabyaye umuhungu.

Abana ba Yegor Gaidar

Nkuko bimaze kuvugwa, umunyapolitiki yabyaye abana babiri kuva yashyingiranwa bwa mbere: umuhungu n'umukobwa. Ababyeyi be bamaze gutandukana, umukobwa yagumanye na nyina, mu gihe murumuna we, Peter, Irina Smirnova yemeye gusiga ababyeyi b’umugabo we, bakamukunda.

Byongeye kandi, umugore wa kabiri wa Yegor Gaidar, wabyaye umuhungu mubucuti bwabanje, yibarutse undi muhungu mubukwe bwe bwa kabiri. Ibi byabaye mu 1990, umwana yitwa Pavel. Ni umwuzukuru wa Arkady Strugatsky n'umwuzukuruza wa Arkady Gaidar na Pavel Bazhov.

Rero, umunyapolitike afite abana batatu gusa numwana umwe warezwe.

Yegor Gaidarbiografiya

Maria Gaidar

Mu bana bose ba politiki, kuri ubu, umukobwa kuva yashyingiranwa bwa mbere, Maria Gaidar, akurura inyungu nyinshi muri we. Ababyeyi be bamaze gutandukana afite imyaka 3, umukobwa yagumanye na nyina, bidatinze arongera gushaka. Igihe Masha yari mu kiciro cya gatatu, umuryango wimukiye muri Boliviya. Mbere y'urugendo, izina ry'umukobwa ryarahinduwe, ahinduka Smirnova. Nyuma yimyaka 5, Maria, hamwe na nyina na papa we, basubiye i Moscou maze batangira kwiga ishuri ryihariye ribogamye muri Espanye. Yagaruye izina rye Gaidar afite imyaka 22 gusa, arangije muri Academy yubukungu bwigihugu.

. Radiyo ya Moskvy.

Mu buryo bubangikanye n’ibi, Maria Yegorovna yagize uruhare rukomeye mu bikorwa bya politiki kandi kuva mu 2006 yabaye umunyamuryango wa Presidium y’ubumwe bw’iburyo. Yahoraga yubahiriza ibitekerezo bitavuga rumwe n’ubutegetsi kandi yagiye agira uruhare mu myigaragambyo n’imyigaragambyo yateguwe n’abatavuga rumwe n’ubutegetsi buriho.

Ku ya 26 Werurwe 2009, umukobwa wa Yegor Gaidar yabaye visi guverineri muto wa Federasiyo y’Uburusiya, ariko mu 2011 yatangaje ko yeguye ku cyifuzo cye cyo gukomeza amashuri ye muri Amerika, ku Ishuri y'Ubutegetsi bwa Leta. JFK i Harvard.

.inyandiko. Iki cyemezo cyajuririwe mu rukiko, ariko aba nyuma baragishimangira.

Mu mpeshyi ya 2015, M. Gaidar yagizwe umuyobozi wungirije w’ubuyobozi bw’akarere ka Odessa abisabwe na Mikhail Saakashvili, nyuma gato yanga ubwenegihugu bw’Uburusiya.

Gaidar Egor Timurovich

Ibikorwa byingenzi bya siyansi

Yegor Gaidar, ubuzima bwe ubu urabizi, ntagushidikanya ko bwagize uruhare runini mumateka ya vuba yigihugu cyacu. Isuzuma ryarwo ntirirahabwa abadukomokaho, ariko, umuntu ntashobora gutesha agaciro uyu munyapolitiki nkumuhanga, benshi mubitekerezo byabo byemejwe nyuma y'urupfu rwe.

Mubikorwa bya siyansi bishimishije bya Yegor Gaidar harimo:

  • igitabo "Leta n'Ubwihindurize", cyeguriwe isano y'ubutegetsi n'umutungo muri leta y'Uburusiya;
  • umurimo "Anomalies of Growth Economic", usuzuma ibitera ihungabana ry'ubukungu bwa gisosiyalisiti;
  • ingingo "Ku ivugurura ryibigo byimari byisi", nibindi

Kuri ubu, igitabo "Kugwa k'Ingoma", cyanditswe mu 2006, kirashimishije cyane. Ngaho, Gaidar yahanuye ko hashobora kuvuka ikibazo kubera ihindagurika ryibiciro bya peteroli.

Ingingo ikunzwe