Inyanja nini kwisi

Inyanja nini kwisi
Inyanja nini kwisi
Anonim

Inyanja ninyamaswa zangiza cyane zibera mumazi. Bafite impumuro nziza kandi barashobora gutora impumuro nziza kuva mumirometero. Ikintu kimwe gishobora kuvugwa kubijyanye niyerekwa ryabo, risumba inshuro nyinshi iy'umuntu. Byongeye kandi, urwasaya rw'umuntu mukuru uringaniye rushobora kuba rufite amenyo kuva ku bihumbi 10 kugeza kuri 20, ushobora kugereranywa n'imbaraga n'inkoni zikoze mu byuma. Muri iki kiganiro, tuzamenya inyanja nini kandi tumenye ibintu bishimishije kuri aya matungo.

Ubwoko bw'inyoni

Ubwoko butandukanye bw'inyoni

Muri kamere, urashobora kubona ubwoko butandukanye bwubwoko bwikinyamanswa: kuva muri Mozambike nto (santimetero 40-60 z'uburebure) kugeza kuri baleine nini (kugeza kuri metero 20 z'uburebure). Buri bwoko bugira umwihariko wabwo kandi butandukanye nabandi muburyo bwinshi. Ninde muribo ufatwa nkinini? Nkibisanzwe, uburebure bwumubiri bwibintu nkibi birenga agaciro kangana na metero 3, nindebimaze guhuzwa nuburinganire bwumubiri wumuntu mukuru. Kandi ntibishoboka rwose kwiyumvisha akazu ka metero makumyabiri, kuko ntigashobora gukwira no mubiro by'ishuri bisanzwe! Reba ubwoko bwibiti binini, utangirira kubunini bushobora kwitwa bisanzwe - kuva kuri metero 3 kugeza kuri 5 z'uburebure.

Fox shark

ingunzu

Ubu bwoko bugaragara mubindi, biroroshye rero kwibuka uko ingunzu y'ingunzu isa. Ikintu cyihariye ni caudal fin y amafi, arambuye hejuru. Ingunzu ya Fox ishyirwa mu binini, kubera ko uburebure bwayo bugera kuri metero 5-6, ariko birakwiye ko tumenya ko hafi kimwe cya kabiri cy'uburebure bugwa ku “murizo” w'amafi. Noneho, iki gikoresho gifite uburebure bwa metero 1 kugeza kuri 3 kandi cyemerera ibinyamushongo guhiga andi mafi. Ariko abahagarariye ubu bwoko ntabwo ari inyamanswa kandi akenshi barisha kuri plankton yo mu nyanja cyangwa amafi manini (urugero, makerel).

Uburemere bwumubiri wa fox shark burashobora kugera kuri kilo 500. Byongeye kandi, ubushobozi bwigifu cyamafi yubwoko ni bunini. Rimwe na rimwe, akazu gashobora "kugaburira" n’inyoni ntoya yaguye inyuma yubushyo bwayo.

Bumpy shark

shark

Ikinyugunyugu cyizuru gifatwa nkigitero gikabije, gikunze kwibasira abantu. Dukurikije imibare, abantu bagera kuri bibiri bya gatatu by'abantu bazize ibitero by'inyanja bishwe n'abahagarariye ubu bwoko.

Nubwo bimeze gurtyo, ibinyamushongo ntabwo ari binini binini kwisi. Uburebure bwumubiri wabo buratandukana kuva kuri metero 3 kugeza kuri 4, kandi misa igeraIbiro 400-450. Ubu bwoko bugaburira amafi, inyamaswa zo mu mazi n’isi. Kurya abantu byavuzwe muri aya mafi.

Birashimishije ko inyanja yizuru idashobora kwihanganira imyunyu mike. Kubera iyo mpamvu, ntibazapfira mumazi meza kandi bazakomeza kubamo bucece.

Inyundo y'inyundo

inyundo

Isura idasanzwe itandukanye nabandi ukurikije imiterere yihariye yimbere yumubiri, isa ninyundo. Mugihe kimwe, umutwe wamafi urasa neza, utanga ibyiza mugihe uhiga. Bitandukanye n’inyoni zidafite izuru, inyundo ntizibasira abantu, nubwo zifatwa nk’akaga gakomeye k’inyanja nini.

Uburebure bwumubiri wamafi yinyundo bugera kuri metero 5-6, naho uburemere bwabwo ni kilo 400. Umuhigo w'inyundo ni inyamaswa zitandukanye ziba mu nyanja, n'amafi, harimo inyanja. Nubwo ufite akamenyero ko kubaho wenyine, igitsina gore cyubwoko bwororoka rimwe mumyaka ibiri kandi kikazana urubyaro rwinshi.

. Kubwibyo, gufata inyundo ni bike, kandi mu turere tumwe na tumwe birabujijwe n'amategeko.

Mako Shark

shark mako

Mako (umukara-izuru) uburebure bwumubiri bushobora kugera kuri metero 4, nuburemere - kilo 600. Ariko, Mako ntabwo azwiho ubunini. Ubu bwoko bwa shark bufatwa nkibyihuta kwisi, niyo mpamvu mako bakunze kwita "amenyo ya torpedo." Nubwo uburemere bwumubiri bunini, abantu bakuru barashobora kugera kumuvuduko wa kilometero 55.ku isaha, urugero, gufata umuhigo wabo.

Mako sharks igumana ubushyuhe mubice bimwe byimbere, kuberako babasha koga murwego rwubunini bwihuse kuruta ubundi bwoko bwinyoni zifite amaraso akonje. Ariko, kumena amaraso ashyushye nabyo bifite ingaruka. Muri byo, metabolisme yihuse ya mako yumukara-izuru iragaragara. Bitewe ningufu nyinshi zikoreshwa mukugenda vuba no gukomeza gushyuha, abahagarariye ubu bwoko akenshi bakeneye kubona ibiryo byabo kandi bakarya byinshi kurenza izindi nyoni zisaba. Rero, burimunsi mako itwara hafi 5% yuburemere bwumubiri.

Kimwe na sharke nyinshi, makosi yizuru yumukara ninyamanswa zihiga umuhigo wazo. Indyo yabo irimo ibishishwa, ubwoko butandukanye bwamafi nizindi nyoni.

Ikirere cy'ubururu

ibara ry'ubururu

Ubu bwoko ni bumwe mubusanzwe kuri iyi si. Uburebure ntarengwa bwumubiri wubururu ni metero 4, nuburemere ni kilo 200-250. Bashoboye gukora urugendo rurerure, kandi impuzandengo yumuvuduko wabo ni kilometero 1.6 kumasaha.

Bitandukanye na makos, ibara ry'ubururu rifite amaraso akonje. Kubera iyo mpamvu, nubwo bashoboye kwibira mubwimbitse, baroga buhoro buhoro kuruta mako yizuru ryumukara kandi ntibashobora kuguma mumurongo winyanja umwanya muremure.

Indyo yubururu ntabwo yihariye. Bagaburira amafi, inyamaswa zo mu nyanja n'amafi mato. Rimwe na rimwe, barya n'imirambo ibora y'ubuzima butandukanye bwo mu nyanja n'inyoni.

Shark yubururu ntigira abanzi muri kamere, ariko kenshigutera abantu. Abahagarariye ubu bwoko tuboneka mu nyanja zose z’isi no ku nkombe za buri mugabane, usibye Antaragitika. Kubwibyo, ibinyamanswa byubururu bikunze gufatwa haba mubikorwa byinganda ndetse nkibikorwa byumuntu ku barobyi ku giti cyabo, kuko ubu bwoko buhabwa agaciro kubwiza bwabwo kandi bunini.

Umusenyi wumusenyi

umusenyi

Umusenyi wumusenyi ufite umubiri munini nuburyo bwihariye bwumutwe ubafasha guhiga (akenshi mumatsinda mato) no "kwinjiza" umwuka hejuru yamazi. Uburebure ntarengwa bwumubiri wumusenyi ni metero 2,5-3, kandi uburemere bwacyo bugera kuri kilo 150-200.

Ibishanga byumucanga bigaburira ubwoko bwamafi atandukanye. Bashoboye kandi kurya squide ndetse nimirasire. Ubu bwoko bufatwa nkaho butagira ingaruka kubantu.

Umwihariko wibishanga byumucanga nuko bashoboye kubaho mubihe byakozwe n'abantu. Abahagarariye ubu bwoko rero bumva bakomeye muri inyanja na aquarium nini.

Ingwe y'ingwe

Ingwe

Ingwe yingwe nayo rimwe na rimwe yitwa ingwe, ishobora gusobanurwa namabara yabo adasanzwe. Uburebure bw'umubiri bugera kuri metero 5-5.5, n'uburemere bwabo ni kilo 500-650. Ingwe y'ingwe ni igisubizo gisanzwe kubibazo, "Ikinyanja kinini ni ikihe?" Ikigaragara ni uko atari nini mu bunini, ariko nubwo bimeze bityo, ingwe y'ingwe ishyirwa mu bwoko bumwe mu bwoko bwa kijyambere.

Izi nyamaswa zifite ubushake bwo kurya. Byongeye kandi, indyo yabo iratandukanye cyane. Bararyaamafi, shellfish, squid, crustaceans, inyoni ndetse ninyenzi zo mu nyanja. Akenshi wasangaga ibintu wasangaga munda yingwe yingwe yari yajugunywe mu nyanja n'abantu ibihe bitarondoreka.

Abahagarariye ubu bwoko barazwi cyane mubantu baroba. Bimwe mu binini binini byahawe agaciro kubera uruhu rwihariye rwihariye hamwe nudusimba dukoreshwa mu nganda zibiribwa.

Shark yera

Ikinyoni kinini cyera

Ubwoko buzwi cyane mubihari muri iki gihe cyacu. Ibinyamisogwe byera birahari hose, ariko ntibibera mumazi akonje yinyanja ya Arctique. Ingano yabahagarariye ubu bwoko irenze agaciro kagereranijwe: uburebure bwumubiri ni metero 4-5, naho uburemere bwumubiri ni kilo 600-1100. Kubwibyo, ibinini binini byera birakunzwe cyane kandi akenshi biba intwari za firime ziteye ubwoba.

. Urwasaya rw'umuntu mukuru rurimo amenyo arenga 300, kandi umuvuduko ntarengwa ushobora gutera ni kilometero 48 mu isaha. Kubwibyo, ibinyamanswa binini byera biteza akaga abaturanyi babo mu nyanja.

Abantu bakunze kwita akazu keza cyane mubyoko byose. Ariko, ibi ntabwo arukuri. Izi nyamaswa ntizigera zihiga nkana abantu, zikunda walrus cyangwa kashe, kurugero. Kugeza ubu, ubu bwoko bwamafi bugeramiwe.

Sharle shark

Ikinyamanswa

Uyu munsi munini ni baleine ya baleine - uhagarariye udasanzwe tw’amafi ya karitsiye. Mubyongeyeho, ifite ibipimo binini ntabwo biri mu nyanja gusa, ahubwo no mu mafi yose aba ku isi. Reba niyihe nini nini kwisi aho ituye.

Ingano yumubiri wikinyamanswa nini iratangaje rwose: uburebure - metero 15-20, nuburemere - kugeza kuri toni 1-2. Nubwo bimeze bityo ariko, inyamaswa ntiziteza akaga. Kuba inyamanswa, zirisha cyane kuri plankton nubuzima buto bwo mu nyanja, cyane cyane igikona. Birakwiye ko tumenya ko urwasaya rwabo rufite amenyo agera ku 16.000 atondekanye kumurongo urenga 300.

Ku ifoto yinyanja nini urashobora kubona amabara yihariye. Umubiri winyanja ya baleine utwikiriwe nicyitegererezo cyiza gishobora kugaragara mubuzima busanzwe. Abantu benshi barohama nkana mumazi kugirango bakore ku mubare munini uhagarariye ubu bwoko, kuko nta kaga rwose. Buhoro kandi utuje, ayo mafi ntabwo akora muburyo butunguranye cyangwa bukabije.

Amafi manini nayo ni gake kandi abangamiwe cyane.

Megalodon

shark megalodon

Imwe mu nyanja nini ku isi, Megalodon, ubu yazimye. Dukurikije ibyavuye mu bushakashatsi bwakozwe ku bisigazwa bya megalodon, uburebure bw’umubiri bw’amafi bwari metero 16-17, kandi misa yageze ku gaciro ka 40 ndetse na toni 50. Kubwamahirwe, ubu bwoko bwikinyamanswa ntabwo bwigeze bufotorwa, ariko hariho umubare munini wamashusho yafashwehashingiwe ku bitekerezo bijyanye no kugaragara kw'iyi nyangabirama. Ku ishusho hejuru, megalodon irerekanwa kuruhande rwinyamanswa nyinshi zica, zifite uburebure bwa metero 9-10.

Megalodons yari inyamanswa kandi iteje akaga. Bahisemo umuhigo munini, utari ubagoye gutera. Abahanga mu bya siyansi bavuga ko ubu bwoko bwari hose kandi bugeramiwe n’abatuye inyanja.

Inyanja nini ya megalodon iragereranywa mubunini na baleine ya baleine. Nyamara, kuba barazimiye hashize imyaka igera kuri miriyoni 3, bahaye inyanja ya kijyambere nki nini ku isi.

Megalodon ikoreshwa cyane mumico igezweho kandi rimwe na rimwe ni karikatire yikigina kinini cyera kubera guhuza umubiri wabo.

Mu gusoza

Rero, muriki kiganiro twamenyereye akaga gakomeye mubatuye inyanja. Nuburyo bwose bwo kwirinda, ntibisanzwe ko ubwoko butandukanye bwinyoni bwibasira abantu. Nyamara, ikiremwamuntu kigomba kurinda abahagarariye isi yinyamaswa, kuko inyinshi murizo zishobora kuzimira ku isi iteka ryose.

Dukurikije imibare yuyu munsi, ubushakashatsi bwakozwe 5-10% gusa. Kubwibyo, biragoye kwiyumvisha ubwoko bwabahagarariye abantu bataramenya.

Niyo mpanvu ubushakashatsi bwibinyabuzima, cyane cyane ubuzima bwo mu nyanja, nigikorwa cyingirakamaro kandi gishimishije, abahanga ibihumbi nibihumbi bitangira ubuzima bwabo nubu. Turakwifuriza gutsinda muri ibintibyoroshye, ariko birashimishije cyane!

Ingingo ikunzwe